Avenida Javier Prado is possibly the most infamous road in Lima. It is more than 80 blocks long, crosses 5 districts and the traffic jams on Javier Prado are legendary. It is also probably the most important east-west connection in the city. Four of the Rutas Recomendables pass through (a part of) Javier Prado and the Metropolitano has an Estacion Javier Prado. Everybody in Lima knows Avenida Javier Prado.
Who then is Javier Prado?
According to the Spanish Wikipedia Javier Prado is a historian, philosopher and lawyer. He served as the principal of the San Marcos University from 1915 to 1920 and he held various political offices, among others as a senator and an ambassador to Argentina. He may have owed his political career to the fact that he was the son of an ex-President (Mariano Ignacio Prado). His brother Manuel Prado y Ugarteche would later go on to become president of Peru as well. At that time, Javier Prado already passed away. He died in 1921 under mysterious circumstances (according to Wikipedia) when he was only 49 years old.
Among other things, he supposedly said:
‘We must educate, and educate through labor and industry, which are the best means of moralizing. There is nothing better to raise the character of men today, nothing more in the interest of the future of this country, than to be educated and to be practical and prudent, and to desire wealth through their own efforts’. (Javier Prado, 1889).